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2018-05-05

人合教诲领导教案

讲课

一般过去时(simple past tense)

讲授目的

1.相识一般过去时的观点用法,把握句型构造

2.可以或许纯熟应用一般过去时的句式形貌发作过的事变

讲授重难点

1.一般过去时中谓语动词的过去式变更

2.一般过去时句型转换

易错点

1.谓语动词不规则转变

2.一样平常疑问句句式应用中助动词取be动词殽杂

讲授历程

1. 一般过去时观点:

示意已往某个工夫发作的行动或存在的状况

2. 用法(什时刻该用一般过去时?一般过去时的标记有哪些?

工夫状语:yesterday(今天), last...(week/month/year)(上一个...上个礼拜/上个月/客岁),...ago...之前),just now(适才) ,this morning(详细剖析).etc.

3. 句式构造(一定句)

主语+谓语(过去式)+其他

Eg. He visited his grandparents last week.

他上个礼拜去探望了他的祖父母。

Eg. It was rainy yesterday.

今天下雨了。

Eg. I went to Shanghai last Sunday.

 我上周日去了上海。

(发明、总结动词过去式转变划定规矩:.

1)一样平常正在动词末端加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked
2 ) 末端是ed,如:taste-tasted
3 ) 末端只要一个元音字母和一个子音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末端的子音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped
4 )子音字母+y”末端的,变yi, 再加-ed,如:study-studied
5 )不规则动词过去式:
am,is-was, are-were, do-did, go-went, can-could, come-came, have-had, eat-ate,

make-made, write-wrote,see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got,

fly-flew, take-took, sit-sat, read-read, put-put, cut-cut.

4. 句型转换

A. 否认句:

1) 当谓语动词是be动词/神态动词could时,正在waswerecould后加not

Eg. It wasnt rainy last night.

2)当谓语动词是行动动词时,借助助动词did再加not,同时复原谓语动词。

Eg. Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

Eg. I didn’t see a bird in the tree just now.

B. 一样平常疑问句:

1) 当谓语动词是be动词/神态动词could时,waswerecould调到句尾

Were you at school yesterday?

Yes.I was./ No, I wasnt.

2)当谓语动词是行动动词时,借助助动词did,将其放于句尾,同时复原谓语动词

Eg. Did Jim go home yesterday?

Yes.he did. / No, he didnt.

Eg. Did you see a bird in the tree just now?

Yes.I did.  /  No, I didnt.

教室小结

1. 一般过去时的用法(工夫状语)

2. 谓语动词转变划定规矩

3. 句式转换